2: Social Vehicles of Transmission


  1. Yancy CW. COVID-19 and African Americans. JAMA. 323(19), 1891-1892 (2020). DOI: 10.1001/jama.2020.6548
  2. McKenzie K. Race and ethnicity data collection during COVID-19 in Canada: if you are not counted you cannot count on the pandemic response. The Royal Society of Canada (2020). Accessed April 12, 2021.
  3. Zelner J, Trangucci R, Naraharisetti R, et al. Racial Disparities in Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) Mortality Are Driven by Unequal Infection Risks. Clin Infect Dis. 72(5), e88-e95 (2021). DOI: 10.1093/cid/ciaa1723
  4. Artiga S, Garfield R, Orgera K. Communities of color at higher risk for health and economic challenges due to COVID-19. Kaiser Family Foundation (2020). 
  5. Hahn RA, Truman BI. Education Improves Public Health and Promotes Health Equity. Int J Health Serv. 45(4), 657-678 (2015). DOI: 10.1177/0020731415585986
  6. Bavel JJV, Baicker K, Boggio PS, et al. Using social and behavioural science to support COVID-19 pandemic response. Nat Hum Behav. 4(5), 460-471 (2020). DOI: 10.1038/s41562-020-0884-z
  7. Ahmed F, Ahmed N, Pissarides C, Stiglitz J. Why inequality could spread COVID-19. Lancet Public Health. 5(5), e240 (2020). DOI: 10.1016/S2468-2667(20)30085-2
  8. Smith JP. Unravelling the SES: health connection. Popul Dev Rev. 30, 108-32 (2004).
  9. Canadian Poverty Reduction Strategy. Employment and Social Development Canada (2020). Accessed April 9, 2021. 
  10. Kirst M, Shankardass K, Singhal S, Lofters A, Muntaner C, Quiñonez C. Addressing health inequities in Ontario, Canada: what solutions do the public support?. BMC Public Health. 17(1), 7 (2017). DOI: 10.1186/s12889-016-3932-x

*Note: We've formatted all references according to Nature format but left the links out. Instead, we've embedded them for your viewing pleasure!